1. Mount Hermon, 2. Wadi Hajar, 3. Chaghour Ed Dahab. Syria's mountains have played an important part in wars and confrontations between Syria and Lebanon, as well as providing observation posts for military activity. A variety of animal and plant species can also be found in the highlands. The climate of the surrounding region is also influenced by the Syrian mountains through winds, precipitation, and temperatures. Here are the highest mountains in Syria.
With an elevation of 9,232 feet, Mount Hermon ranks the first place in our list of the highest mountain in Syria. On the border between Lebanon and Syria, the mountain is shared. Mount Hermon contains three peaks, one of which is home to the Hermon Nature Reserve.
The mountain is one of the area’s most valuable geographical resources. Because of its height, it captures a lot of rain in a very dry part of the planet. Karst topography is formed by faults and solution channels in Jurassic limestone. Snow falls on Mount Hermon in the winter and spring, covering all three peaks for most of the year. Meltwater seeps into the rock channels and pores of the snow-covered mountain’s western and southern bottoms, supplying springs at the mountain’s base that generate streams and rivers. These two rivers join to form the Jordan River. Furthermore, runoff promotes lush plant life below the snow line, where vineyards and pine, oak, and poplar trees abound.
The mountain was significant in ancient biblical times, as evidenced by its reference in the Bible. Many temples, such as the Qasr Antar, may be found on Mount Hermon.
Elevation: 9,232 feet
Location: Mount Hermon, Syria
Mount Hermon (photo: https://www.mountain-forecast.com/)
Syrian mountains are extremely important to numerous Syrian communities. Some of these mountains are said to be sacred. Other mountains are important mineral suppliers, containing deposits of phosphates, for example. During several battles between Syria and Lebanon, the mountains, particularly the Anti-Lebanese ranges, served as vital commercial and invading routes. The population density in the surrounding areas is determined by the slopes of the mountains.
With a height of 8,537 feet, Wadi Hajar is the second tallest mountain in Damascus, Syria. The mountain is located close to the Anti-Lebanese range. Wadi Hajar, like other mountains in Syria, has played an essential role in the conflicts and clashes between Lebanon and Syria. The Wadi Hajar is surrounded by peaks and ranges such as Tal’at Musa, Jabi Nabi Baru, Jabal al Ithnany, and Harf ath Ithnayn.
Elevation: 8,537 feet
Location: Wadi Hajar, Syria
Wadi Hajar (photo: https://www.walkopedia.net/)
Chaghour Ed Dahab
Rounding out the list of highest mountains in Syria is Chaghour Ed Dahab. Damascus, Syria’s capital city, is nestled in an oasis fed by the River Barada. It is one of the world’s oldest continuously inhabited cities. With an elevation of 8,400 feet, Chaghour Ed Dahab is the third tallest mountain in Damascus and Syria. The mountain is located in the city of Darayya, which was a key location during the Syrian civil war and saw a huge number of people slaughtered. Mount Hermon, Jabal Tonnoura, and Jabal al Kharshunah are only a few of the nearby summits. Chaghour ed Dahab is east of Mount Hermon and southeast of Ej Jnéné.
Besides Chaghour Ed Dahab, there are other high mountains in Syria including Tal’at Musa, Jabal Abu Baruh, Jabal Al Ithnayn, Qornet El Boustane, Jabal Halimah, Ar Rajur, and Shaqif.
Elevation: 8,400 feet
Location: Chaghour Ed Dahab, Syria
Chaghour Ed Dahab