Top Largest Countries in Europe

1. Russia, 2. Ukraine, 3. France, 4. Spain, 5. Sweden, 6. Norway, 7. Germany, 8. Finland, 9. Poland, 10. Italy. You are interested in learning about the great countries of Europe in terms of their diversity and complexity in terms of geography, people, and culture. Here are the largest countries in Europe you may be interested in.

  1. Russia
  2. Ukraine
  3. France
  4. Spain
  5. Sweden
  6. Norway
  7. Germany
  8. Finland
  9. Poland
  10. Italy


Russia is by far Europe’s largest country, spanning two continents and occupying more than 17 million square kilometers of territory. It is also Europe’s most populated country, with around 146 million people living on its massive land. Russia’s cultural heritage is vast and diverse, impacted by its history, geography, and ethnic variety. It is home to about 190 ethnic groups, with over 100 languages and dialects spoken.

Russia’s economic prowess is a giant on the global stage, ranking sixth in nominal GDP and tenth in purchasing power parity. It is known for being a formidable exporter of oil, gas, metals, and other rich natural resources. Russia is a world leader in military arms, aeronautical marvels, and nuclear energy. Russia, as a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council, plays a critical role in the complex web of global politics and security.

Capital: Moscow

Area: Approximately 17,098,242 square kilometers

top largest countries in europe

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top largest countries in europe


Ukraine emerges as one of Europe’s enormous countries, with a vast expanse of land. It is located in the heart of Eastern Europe and has strong ties with a number of bordering countries, including Russia, Belarus, Poland, Slovakia, Hungary, and Romania. Ukraine has a population of about 44 million people, ranking it second only to Russia among European countries.

In the realm of land, Ukraine sprawls across a staggering 603,500 square kilometers, securing its place as the second-largest dominion in Europe, trailing only behind Russia. Within this expansive territory, one can marvel at the tapestry of landscapes, ranging from bountiful plains to the alluring peaks of the Carpathians in the west and the Crimean Mountains in the south.

Economically, Ukraine pulsates with untapped potential, a realm of possibilities waiting to be harnessed. Its economy is a tapestry of diverse industries, encompassing agriculture, manufacturing, energy, and services. The very essence of Ukraine lies in its fertile agricultural lands, which bestow upon it the coveted title of one of the world’s premier grain exporters. Moreover, Ukraine’s bountiful lands hide within them a treasure trove of natural resources, including coal, iron ore, natural gas, and oil.

Capital: Kyiv

Area: Approximately 603,628 square kilometers

top largest countries in europe
top largest countries in europe


France envelops a sprawling expanse of approximately 551,695 square kilometers, rendering it the vanguard country in the European Union and the third-largest in Europe. Its expansive terrain encompasses territories within Europe, such as Corsica, as well as far-flung dominions like French Guiana in South America and Réunion in the Indian Ocean.

In terms of population, France teems with over 67 million individuals, establishing it as one of the most densely inhabited nations in Europe. The French populace brims with a bountiful cultural heritage and has bequeathed an indelible mark on art, literature, philosophy, cuisine, and fashion.

Economically, France commands a preeminent position as one of the most robust economies in Europe. Its economy flourishes with a diverse array of industries, including manufacturing, aerospace, tourism, agriculture, and services. France boasts several multinational corporations and garners renown for its opulent merchandise, fashion, and wine sectors. Paris, the capital city, stands not only as a vibrant cultural and artistic epicenter but also as a pivotal financial nerve center.

Capital: Paris

Area: Approximately 551,695 square kilometers

top largest countries in europe
top largest countries in europe


Spain covers a size of around 505,990 square kilometers, making it the fourth-largest country in Europe in terms of land area. Spain’s geography dazzles, from enticing coastlines decorated with magnificent beaches to the imposing Pyrenees Mountains and the verdant, emerald landscapes snuggled within its heartlands.

In terms of economics, Spain is a financial titan in Europe. It holds the enviable status of a high-income country and is a proud member of both the European Union and the Eurozone. Spain’s economy is diverse, and it flourishes in industries such as tourism, manufacturing, agriculture, and services. Its excellent geographical location as a gateway to Europe, combined with its robust infrastructure, contributes to its economic strength.

Overall, Spain is an enthralling country with a unique mix of history, culture, and natural beauty. It provides a beautiful blend of modernism and heritage, making it a must-see destination for travelers looking for a variety of experiences.

Capital: Madrid

Area: Approximately 505,990 square kilometers

top largest countries in europe
top largest countries in europe


Sweden has over 10.4 million people living in its huge span of about 450,000 square kilometers, making it the third-largest country in the European Union.

Regarding the economy, Sweden boasts a distinguished reputation for its robust and multifaceted sectors. The country exhibits a mixed economy with high-income capabilities, placing it among the premier global economies. Sweden garners recognition for its groundbreaking innovations and technological advancements, birthing numerous multinational corporations. Industries encompassing automotive, telecommunications, pharmaceuticals, and high-tech manufacturing significantly bolster Sweden’s economic prowess.

Sweden’s cultural fiber is worth investigating. The nation thrives on its illustrious history, which is wrapped in a tapestry of Scandinavian traditions. Swedes are known for their persistent love of nature, delighting in outdoor activities while emphasizing sustainability. The essence of “lagom,” which means “moderation and equilibrium,” pervades Swedish culture, encouraging a harmonious way of life and an equitable community.

Capital: Stockholm

Area: Approximately 450,295 square kilometers

top largest countries in europe
top largest countries in europe


Norway sprawls across a vast expanse of approximately 385,207 square kilometers, boasting awe-inspiring landscapes adorned with national parks, glaciers, and a multitude of lakes. Its diverse terrain invites an array of exhilarating outdoor pursuits, such as trekking, skiing, and angling.

In terms of its economic might, Norway wields substantial power thanks to its copious natural resources, most notably its reserves of oil and gas. As one of the globe’s foremost exporters of oil, the nation basks in a high standard of living. Moreover, Norway has forged an unyielding welfare system, striving to furnish its citizens with social security and equal prospects.

All in all, Norway emerges as a colossal presence on the European stage, offering unrivaled geography, a compact yet vibrant populace, and a formidable economy fueled by its bountiful resources.

Capital: Oslo

Area: Approximately 323,802 square kilometers

top largest countries in europe
top largest countries in europe


When it comes to land area, Germany sprawls over an expanse of around 357,022 square kilometers, rendering it the seventh-largest country in Europe. It boasts a mosaic of landscapes, encompassing the regal Alpine mountains in the south, the picturesque River Rhine, and the resplendent Baltic Sea coast in the north.

In terms of population, Germany reigns supreme as the most populous country in the European Union, teeming with over 83 million souls. The nation is renowned for its meticulously woven social welfare system, unparalleled quality of life, and kaleidoscopic cultural diversity. From effervescent metropolises like Berlin, Munich, and Hamburg to idyllic hamlets and villages, Germany unfurls a tapestry of experiences for denizens and visitors alike.

Germany also commands a lofty position as an economic juggernaut, sporting the mightiest economy in Europe and the fourth-largest on the global stage. It harbors renowned global conglomerates such as Volkswagen, BMW, Siemens, and BASF. The country garners esteem for its audacious innovation, unwavering engineering prowess, and robust manufacturing sector. Housing a workforce of exceptional skill, it champions research and development, thereby propelling technological breakthroughs and fostering economic upsurge.

Capital: Berlin

Area: Approximately 357,022 square kilometers

top largest countries in europe
top largest countries in europe


Finland commandeers a prodigious expanse in Northern Europe. It engulfs a sprawling territory of approximately 338,424 square kilometers, positioning itself as the eighth-largest country in Europe. With vast stretches of verdant forests, myriad lakes, and awe-inspiring national parks, such as the iconic Lapland region, Finland bestows a paradise for nature aficionados and outdoor enthusiasts.

In terms of populace, Finland flaunts a relatively unassuming number of around 5.5 million individuals. Despite its magnitude, the country is renowned for its elevated standard of living, exemplary education system, and cutting-edge technology sector. The Finnish people are celebrated for their ardor, geniality, and adoration for nature, which is palpable in their profound communion with their surroundings.

Economically, Finland is distinguished for its sophisticated industrial sector, particularly in domains like technology, telecommunications, and machinery. It shelters globally acclaimed corporations like Nokia, Marimekko, and Rovio Entertainment (creator of the Angry Birds franchise). The country possesses a highly adept workforce and invests substantially in research and development, fostering its economic prowess and innovation.

Capital: Helsinki

Area: Approximately 338,145 square kilometers

top largest countries in europe
top largest countries in europe


Poland is regarded as one of Europe’s largest, with enormous swaths of land and a bustling population. With a total area of 312,696 square kilometers, it ranks sixth on the continent’s size scale. Not to be outdone, its population of almost 38 million people propels it to ninth place among Europe’s most populous nations.

Poland is a fabric of cultural wonders weaved methodically through the mists of time. Its roots date back to the medieval era, and it bears the imprint of innumerable adjacent kingdoms and empires, which have left an everlasting imprint on its customs, traditions, and architectural marvels. The rich fabric of the country is reflected in its vivid folklore, beautiful harmonies, literary masterpieces, and delicious traditional gastronomy.

Since the 1990s, Poland has witnessed a stunning transformation in terms of economic prowess. It has emerged as an unstoppable locomotive, bringing itself to the fore of Europe’s fastest-growing economy. Manufacturing, services, agriculture, and tourism all contribute significantly to the country’s GDP, while foreign investors avidly seek a foothold within its borders. Poland, as a proud member of the European Union, enjoys the extra shine that raises its economic position to new heights.

Capital: Warsaw

Area: Approximately 312,696 square kilometers

top largest countries in europe
top largest countries in europe


Italy’s gorgeous topography covers around 301,340 square kilometers and features a diverse range of scenery ranging from towering mountains to expansive plains. The country is proud of its renowned landmarks, which include the awe-inspiring Colosseum, the leaning wonder of the Tower of Pisa, and the astonishing archaeological wonders of Pompeii and Herculaneum.

Economically, Italy thrives as a bustling marketplace and stands tall as one of the globe’s leading economic powerhouses. Its industries boast a vibrant tapestry, encompassing the realms of haute couture, automotive manufacturing, tourism, and agriculture. Within its borders reside esteemed fashion houses like Gucci, Prada, and Versace, alongside legendary automobile giants such as Ferrari, Lamborghini, and Fiat.

Italy’s art, literature, architecture, and culinary expertise have all left an unforgettable impact on the world stage. The country’s Renaissance artwork, including works by Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, and Raphael, adorns the hallowed corridors of its museums and churches. With its delectable flavors of pizza, pasta, gelato, and espresso, Italian cuisine casts a spell that captivates food fans all over the world.

Capital: Rome

Area: Approximately 301,340 square kilometers

top largest countries in europe
top largest countries in europe