1. St. Peter’s Basilica- Vatican City, 2. Hallgrímskirkja, 3. St. Basil’s Cathedral- Red Square, Moscow, Russia, 4. Hagia Sophia - Istanbul, Turkey, 5. Duomo di Milano Milan, Italy, 6. Mezquita of Cordoba, 7. Las Lajas Sanctuary - Ipiales, Colombia, 8. Sacré-Coeur- Paris, France, 9. Church of the Assumption - Lake Bled, Slovenia, 10. La Sagrada Família - Barcelona, Spain. Churches in famous cities are not only symbols of religion but also become interesting attractions for tourists around the world. Let's admire the 10 most beautiful churches on the planet.
- St. Peter’s Basilica- Vatican City
- St. Basil’s Cathedral- Red Square, Moscow, Russia
- Hagia Sophia – Istanbul, Turkey
- Duomo di Milano Milan, Italy
- Mezquita of Cordoba
- Las Lajas Sanctuary – Ipiales, Colombia
- Sacré-Coeur- Paris, France
- Church of the Assumption – Lake Bled, Slovenia
- La Sagrada Família – Barcelona, Spain
St. Peter’s Basilica- Vatican City
Since Vatican City is the home of the pope and the seat of the Catholic church, it only makes sense that it also boasts the largest church in the world: St Peter’s Basilica. Commissioned by Pope Julius II as the largest building in Christendom, the basilica was built between 1506 and 1626, with legendary figures such as Bramante, Raphael and Michelangelo all present.
Named after the revered saint whose mausoleum lies within, the spectacular Renaissance basilica proudly displays a massive façade and dome, with St. Peter has a colonnade leading to it. Covered in marble, its floors stretch endlessly before your eyes, with breathtaking statues, centuries-old artwork and glittering treasures all on display. Without a doubt, one of the most beautiful churches in the world, St. Peter is an architectural masterpiece with incredible works of art for you to enjoy.
Saint Peter’s Basilica is a church built in the Renaissance style located in Vatican City- Source: Deseret News
Hallgrímskirkja is a Lutheran parish church (Icelandic Church) in Reykjavík, Iceland. At 74.5 meters tall, it is the largest church in Iceland and one of the tallest structures in the country. The church is named after the Icelandic poet and rabbi Hallgrímur Pétursson (1614–1674), the author of the Passion Hymn.
Built between 1945 and 1986, the modern church is named after Icelandic poet Hallgrimur Petursson, while a striking statue of explorer Leif Erikson can be found in front of it. One of the main attractions of the Icelandic capital, Hallgrimskirkja also offers stunning panoramic views from its tower for visitors to enjoy.
Hallgrímur Reykjavík is the largest church in the country and also one of its tallest buildings- Source: Jnewsvn.com
St. Basil’s Cathedral- Red Square, Moscow, Russia
The Basilica of Vasily the Bless, commonly known as Saint Basil’s Cathedral, is an Orthodox church in Moscow’s Red Square, and one of Russia’s most popular cultural icons. The building, now a museum, is officially known as the Praying Church of Saints Theotokos on Moat, or Pokrovsky Cathedral. It was built between 1555 and 1561 by order of Ivan the Terrible and commemorates the capture of Kazan and Astrakhan. It was the city’s tallest building until the Ivan the Great Bell Tower was completed in 1600.
Consisting of 10 different interconnected churches,Saint Basil proudly presents a wealth of unique and unusual architecture, with bright colors and swirling patterns wherever you look. Although it is famous for its distinctive exterior, the inside is just as magical as the icons and murals that cover every surface. Protected in 1929 by the Soviets who were actually considering tearing it down, St. Basil is now an important symbol of the country.
Hagia Sophia – Istanbul, Turkey
Hagia Sophia officially the Holy Hagia Sophia Grand Mosque and formerly the Hagia Sophia Church and formerly the museum is a place of worship for Antiquities in Istanbul, designed by the Greek geographer Isidore of Miletus and Anthemius of Tralles. Built in 537 as the patriarchal church of Constantinople, it was the largest Christian church of the Eastern Roman Empire and the Eastern Orthodox Church, with the exception of the Latin Empire from 1204 to 1261, when it became the city’s Latin Catholic church. In 1453, after the fall of Constantinople to the Ottoman Empire, it was converted into a mosque. In 1935, under the direction of Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, the secular Republic of Turkey established it as a museum. In 2020, under the direction of Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, it was reopened as a mosque.
Now a popular museum, its cave interior boasts numerous exquisite columns and domes, with superb frescoes and mosaics on display. Located on the shores of the Bosphorus, just a short distance from the Blue Mosque and Topkapi Palace, Hagia Sophia is a must-see while in Istanbul.
Now a popular museum, its cave interior boasts numerous exquisite columns and domes, with superb frescoes and mosaics on display- Source: Medieval Histories
Duomo di Milano Milan, Italy
Duomo di Milano is one of the most beautiful churches in the world and one of the most visited attractions in Milan, northern Italy.
It is also known as the Cathedral of Milan and tickets start at €3 and increase in price depending on how many areas of the church you want to explore. Here is a complete guide with information for visitors about opening hours, entrance fees, history and facts about the Duomo di Milano.
The entrance to Milan Cathedral is scheduled by time frame and visitors must choose a start time for their visit and arrive at the chosen time. Most tickets are valid for three days and grant one-time access to a specific area of the historic complex.
Duomo di Milano is one of the most beautiful churches in the world and one of the most visited attractions in Milan, northern Italy – Source: Wikimedia Commons
Mezquita of Cordoba
Mosque – Cathedral of Córdoba, officially known as the Church of Our Lady of Mongolia, is the church of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Córdoba dedicated to the Feast of Mary and located in the region of Andalusia, Spain. Due to its status as a former mosque, it is also known as Mezquita and is the Grand Mosque of Córdoba.
As the name suggests, the great Mezquita of Cordoba was a mosque for a large part of its history. In 784, the Muslim rulers of Cordoba built an imposing mosque on top of a small Visigoth church, erecting numerous columns and domes. Covering the interior are magnificent mosaics and ceramic tiles.
As the name suggests, the great Mezquita of Cordoba was a mosque for a large part of its history- Source: wikipedia
Inside of the church – Source: Secret World
Las Lajas Sanctuary – Ipiales, Colombia
Las Lajas Sanctuary is a minor basilica located in Ipiales, located in the Southern Nariño Department of Colombia. The church is located on a 130-foot bridge that spans the Guáitara River. In addition, it is located less than seven miles from the Ecuadorian border.
Las Lajas Sanctuary is a Gothic Revival-style church built inside a gorge of the Guáitara River. Therefore, it is often called the crown jewel of engineering. This Roman Catholic church is dedicated to Our Lady of Las Lajas Ipiales.
Las Lajas Sanctuary is famous for its beautiful architecture and a series of legends related to the appearance of the Holy Virgin and a mysterious mural of which no one knows the origin.
Las Lajas Sanctuary is a Gothic Revival-style church built inside a gorge of the Guáitara River – Source: westend61.de
Sacré-Coeur- Paris, France
The Basilica of the Sacred Heart of Paris, commonly known as the Basilica of Sacré-Cœur and often simply Sacré-Cœur, is a Roman Catholic church and minor basilica in Paris, France, dedicated to the Sacred Heart of Jesus.
The Basilica of Sacré-Cœur is located atop the Montmartre butte, the highest point in the city. It is a famous landmark and the second most visited memorial in Paris. The Basilica of Sacré-Cœur has maintained permanent Eucharistic adoration since 1885. The basilica was designed by Paul Abadie.
The Basilica of Sacré-Cœur is located atop the Montmartre butte, the highest point in the city- Source: lonelyplanet
Church of the Assumption – Lake Bled, Slovenia
Church of the Assumption was built in 1874 and is the oldest surviving church in Saint Paul. It is located at 51 West Seventh Street, in downtown Saint Paul. The building is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
The parish was founded in 1856 by Bishop Joseph Cretin. By that time, immigrants from Germany had arrived, and the only Catholic parish in St. Paul primarily served French and Irish settlers, with services in Latin and lectures in their language. The first building was a simple stone structure with a wooden steeple on West 9th Street. The founding pastor was Father George Keller. After Fr. Keller was moved to Faribault, Minnesota in 1858, the parish staff were met by priests and brothers from St. John’s Priory (Saint Benedict) in Collegeville, Minnesota.
The interior design of the church has remained essentially unchanged since the late 19th century. The statue of the Virgin Mary on the high altar comes from the first church. There are the temples of Therese of Lisieux and Maria-Hilf; the altar of Our Lady and Saint John the Baptist, Saint Joseph, and Saint Lawrence; Tapestries of the Good Samaritan and the Sts. Peter and the Clemens; and other works of art.
Church of the Assumption was built in 1874 and is the oldest surviving church in Saint Paul- Source: finestayslovenia.com
La Sagrada Família – Barcelona, Spain
Sagrada Familia is the largest Catholic church in the Catalan region, Barcelona, a famous symbol of Spain with its unique Post-Modern architecture. This church has been a highlight for the travel of tourists when arriving in Barcelona.
The Sagrada Familia church was designed by the famous architect Antoni Gaudi (1852-1926). This is his greatest architectural art work. Many people think that the church – the great cathedral of Sagrada Familia deserves to be the 8th wonder of the world.
The most unique feature of the church is the 18 spiers shaped like a spinning top, the icons from low to high represent the 12 apostles, 4 evangelists, Mary and the highest tower, which is Jesus Christ (just built the foundation). At the top of the tower are the four evangelists with traditional symbolic sculptures: the ox representing Saint Luke, the phoenix representing Saint John, the lion representing Saint Mark and the winged man representing Saint Matthew. The tallest tower of Jesus with a height of up to 172 meters, on the tower there is a very large cross. Gaudi’s wish was for his work to be the cathedral with the tallest tower in the world.
Sagrada Familia is the largest Catholic church in the Catalan region, Barcelona- Source: designingbuilding