1. Bab Al Bahrain, 2. Qal’at Al-Bahrain, 3. Al Khamis Mosque, 4. Bahrain National Museum, 5. Al Fateh Grand Mosque, 6. Al Areen Wildlife Park, 7. Tree of Life. In the Arabian Gulf, the Kingdom of Bahrain is an archipelago. Despite being one of the smaller Arab countries in terms of size, Bahrain is a popular tourist destination for many people who come to appreciate the lovely scenery and learn about the country's history. With their stunning architecture, the most beautiful historical sites in Bahrain provide some wonderful photos, let's take a look at some of Bahrain's highlights.
- Bab Al Bahrain
- Qal’at Al-Bahrain
- Al Khamis Mosque
- Bahrain National Museum
- Al Fateh Grand Mosque
- Al Areen Wildlife Park
- Tree of Life
Bab Al Bahrain
It is one of the most beautiful historical sites in Bahrain, attracting a large number of tourists and visitors. It is an ancient archaeological gate that was reconstructed in 1945 to include all of the elements of the Islamic character, including inscriptions and Qur’anic verses written in beautiful Arabic handwriting. Bab Al-Bahrain suq, located in the heart of Manama, has more than 30 stores flanking its main façade and promenade, selling anything from Arabic fragrances and Bahraini sweets to local handicrafts and traditional antiques. Among the Suq businesses are a post office and a travel agency.
In addition to shopping, the Suq offers visitors the opportunity to sample Bahraini coffee and delicacies. It is home to several well-known coffee shops, including Café Naseef, Bahrain’s first ice cream shop, which opened in 1920, and Café Saffron, a restaurant and cafe serving traditional Bahraini cuisine.
In Bahrain’s capital city, Manama, Bab Al Bahrain is located near the entrance to the Manama Suq. It was used to house the government’s administrative offices, with a view of the sea. It now solely contains the tourist sector offices and visitor’s center, which let travelers learn about the area’s history and discover all of Bab Al Bahrain’s great attractions.
Bab Al Bahrain has seen several alterations and reconstructions since then. The Ministry of Culture has just launched an effort to protect Bab al Bahrain as a cultural asset. The structure now gleams in all of its historical splendor, and its majestic architecture stands out. It would be impossible to tour Bahrain without giving it a visit!
Address: ROAD 475, 304 Bab Al Bahrain Ave, Manama, Bahrain
Referring to the most beautiful historical sites in Bahrain, it is impossible not to mention Qal’at Al-Bahrain, one of Bahrain’s most important historical sites, is located near Manama and is meant for visitors as a major historical and architectural landmark, particularly those recognized on the UNESCO World Heritage List.
Aside from natural processes such as weathering, erosion, and the harsh and windy environment, neither natural occurrences nor human actions have had a significant influence on the site over time. Many of the excavated structures have remained undamaged for four millennia, with some walls still standing at a height of 4.5 meters. More than 85% of the story is fully original and unaltered. The accompanying landscape (both terrestrial and marine) has been protected, and adjoining developments, particularly urban ones, have not harmed the property’s aesthetic or physical integrity. Dilmun’s palaces are one-of-a-kind examples of a public building from this civilization, which influenced architecture in the region. Being a major port city where people and customs from all over the known globe met, resided, and conducted business, the city became a true melting pot of cultures, which is reflected in its architecture and growth.
Address: 892 3618, Karbabad, Bahrain
Al Khamis Mosque
The mosque is called for the location where it was established, and it is one of Bahrain’s oldest historical Islamic mosques. The Al Khamis Mosque is the country’s first mosque. It was constructed during the reign of Umayyad caliph Umar II. There were other stories that it was visible with one minaret, which meant “lighthouse,” during the Uyunids’ dominion. Even from a distance, the twin minarets can be seen when walking down Shaikh Salman Road in Khamis today. You’d be completely enthralled by it!
Thursday is referred to as Al Khamis. This day has been crucial to the location since it is the busiest day of the year, especially at the neighboring market. This is how the mosque’s name came to be. The mosque was used as a place of prayer until the 1960s when it was rebuilt. Locals and visitors alike must dress modestly to show respect for the area. Even if you’re simply passing by the mosque, you must be quiet and turn off your radio. In this hallowed space, the greatest respect is required.
The mosque is stunning, catching the hearts of those who walk by. It is supposed to have been founded in 692 AD. However, because inscriptions were discovered in the vicinity indicating that it was erected in the 11th century, there have been disagreements. The mosque has undergone some repairs, which are not disguised. In addition, one minaret was supposed to have been constructed 200 years after the first. Both minarets now have religious importance in Islam. The architecture is very stunning! Today, it serves as a reminder of Bahrain’s long history of religious tolerance, as well as one of the many intriguing tourist attractions for anyone interested in the most beautiful historical sites in Bahrain.
Address: 6G5X+WC6, Sh Salman Hwy, Tashan, Bahrain
Bahrain National Museum
On December 15, 1988, the late Amir H.H. Shaikh Isa Bin Salman Al-Khalifa officially opened the Bahrain National Museum. It was regarded as one of the Gulf region’s greatest museums of its sort. The Bahrain National Museum is now one of the island’s most important cultural attractions.
The magnificent edifice, which was conceived and designed by Krohn and Hartvig Rasmussen, is distinguished by its white travertine marble front and is strategically positioned on an artificial peninsula overlooking Muharraq Island. The museum complex consists of two connected buildings with a total floor area of roughly 20,000 square meters. The permanent display area, temporary exhibition rooms, an art gallery, a lecture hall, a gift store, and a café are all located in the main structure. The administrative building houses the administrative offices, curatorial research rooms, conservation laboratories, display construction, and collection storage sections.
The exhibitions focus on Dilmun’s ancient civilization as well as Bahrain’s pre-industrial culture and lifestyle. The Durand Stone, a basalt sculpture from the Babylonian era, as well as Quranic manuscripts and historic records, are among the notable treasures. Bahraini modern artists’ work is also on display in the museum. The museum’s mission is to improve the local community’s comprehension and knowledge of Bahrain’s history, as well as to promote worldwide culture.
Address: 6HRX+86G, Manama, Bahrain
Al Fateh Grand Mosque
The Al Fateh Grand Mosque is a significant Islamic shrine in Bahrain’s capital city of Manama. The mosque, which is one of the world’s largest, was erected by the late Sheikh Isa ibn Salman Al Khalifa and named after Ahmed Al-Fateh, also known as Ahmed ibn Muhammad ibn Khalifa, the founder of modern-day Bahrain. The name Al-Fateh means “opening” or “conqueror” in Arabic, which makes the mosque a “conqueror” in the sense that it captivates every visitor to the little country. Al Fateh Grand Mosque, which was officially opened in 1988, is 100 meters (330 feet) long, 75 meters (246 feet) broad, with four domes and two minarets made completely of concrete and fiberglass.
The National Library of Bahrain, which has been placed here since 2006, has an official capacity of 7,000 worshipers who come here for prayers or to learn something new. The massive dome that is erected on top of the mosque is perhaps one of the most intriguing aspects. It is made completely of fiberglass, making it the world’s biggest fiberglass dome.
The lavish inside is ornamented with marble imported from Italy, individually blown glass for the many lanterns in Austria, and teak imported from India, which was then carved locally to create the grand doors that stand 6 meters (20 feet) tall. A stunning ring of 3-meter (10-foot) high calligraphy in a very old style known as Bahrain fills the circumference of the ring beam, beneath which four stone arches extend down to the floor to form the main square, which is another imposing feature beneath the interior dome.
The Library itself houses over 7,000 books, some of which are over a century old, including copies of Prophet Muhammad’s teachings, known as Hadith, the Global Arabic Encyclopedia, the Encyclopedia of Islamic Jurisprudence, Al-Azhar journals from more than a century ago, and numerous periodicals and magazines. Fortunately, there are tour guides that provide tours of the mosque in several languages, sharing intriguing aspects about the architecture as well as important information that tourists need to know. Overall, the Al Fateh Grand Mosque is one of the most important icons of Manama and Bahrain, and it is an experience that should not be missed even if you have already visited Bahrain.
Address: 6H9X+H6F، Awal Avenue Corner Al Fatih Highway، Manama, Bahrain
Al Areen Wildlife Park
Bahrain’s Al Areen Wildlife Park and Reserve is a paradise for animal, plant, and wildlife enthusiasts. It has been protecting and caring for a diverse range of flora and wildlife for more than 30 years – 82 bird species, 45 animal species, and 25 plant species to be exact! The Al Areen Wildlife Park was founded in 1976 and has a total size of 5.4 km2. It is the region’s first project of its sort, to preserve endangered Arab animal species.
The park, the second segment, is dedicated to the preservation and reproduction of Arabian animals and birds in particular. It is 4 km2 in size. The park’s beautiful landscaped grounds and ponds also attract many varieties of birds, including pelicans, flamingos, and ducks, making it a popular destination for bird watchers. Although there are other areas in Bahrain where you may observe animals and birds, Al Areen is unique in that it is the country’s only natural reserve and that makes it becomes one of the most beautiful historical sites in Bahrain.
The Al Areen Wildlife Park’s designers made it easier to observe the animals by strategically placing paths that allow visitors to see them from a variety of angles around the park. A bus service operates from just inside the park’s main gate for those who want to ride, and trained tour guides give an entertaining and instructive commentary. Al Areen is ideally placed between the airport and Manama’s city center, as well as the Middle East’s first Grand Prix racetrack. It is only open for a portion of the day, so make sure to verify the hours before going.
Address: Sakhir, Bahrain
Tree of Life
What makes a tree one of the most beautiful historical sites in Bahrain that thousands of visitors to this country must visit? It is located 40 kilometers from Manama on a hill in a desolate section of the Arabian Desert. This massive, lushly green tree (Prosopis cineraria) is about 10 meters tall and over 400 years old. It has become a local tourist attraction and is visited by thousands of people every year, despite its location amid the desert with miles and miles of sand around it.
Because the tree sits in the middle of a scorching and arid desert, it has earned the moniker “Tree of Life,” symbolizing the miracle of life and the force of nature. The tree’s source of water is a mystery, as it stands in an area devoid of water, adding to the allure of the location. According to plant scientists, its roots reach deep and wide to obtain water from the reservoirs of delicious springs located kilometers away. The locals believe that Enki, the fabled God of Water, bestowed the tree’s longevity and that it represents the location of the Garden of Eden. Unbelievable can the tree’s yellow resin be used to manufacture candles and scented gums.
Whatever it is, the tree is covered with lovely leaves and has learned to thrive even in the harshest of environments. As a result, it has become a symbol of hope for certain people, as this tree has overcome all obstacles and thrived in the middle of the desert.
Address: XHVM+M62, Off the Musakar Highway, between Riffa and Awali, near Jebel Dukhan, Bahrain