1. Fort Amsterdam, 2. The Emilio Wilson Estate, 3. The Brick Building, 4. Philipsburg Courthouse, 5. Pasanggrahan Hotel. Sint Maarten, which Christopher Columbus named to honor St Martin of Tours, is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in the Caribbean. Inhabited by Amerindian peoples for centuries, this country attracts many tourists with a wide range of festivals and historical sites. Before booking a ticket to Sint Maarten, you may want to look at the list of the most beautiful historical sites in Sint Maarten.
- Fort Amsterdam
- The Emilio Wilson Estate
- The Brick Building
- Philipsburg Courthouse
- Pasanggrahan Hotel
Fort Amsterdam is a Dutch military fort erected during the colonial period to protect Sint Maarten from competing for colonial powers such as the Spanish and British armies. Established in 1631, the Dutch colonial fort of Amsterdam was eventually attacked by Spanish forces, who held the fort for at least 15 years before fleeing Sint Maarten in 1648. Notably, it is said to be the first Dutch colonial fort built in the Caribbean.
Due to some of the Spanish forces’ expansion works on the fort, the architecture of Fort Amsterdam is inspired by the Spanish. It is one of the most beautiful historical sites in Sint Marteen for visitors because of its unique combination of Dutch and Spanish features. Fort Amsterdam also has rusted cannons from the 19th century on display, as well as placards and instructive maps detailing the fort’s history and evolution over time.
This medieval fort is partly in ruins and is located near Little Bay, Great Bay, and Philipsburg, the Dutch capital of St. Maarten. Fort Amsterdam is open to the public for free. The Divi Little Bay Beach Resort and the Belair Beach Hotel are two hotels close to Fort Amsterdam.
Location: On the peninsula between Great Bay and Little Bay
The Emilio Wilson Estate
The Emilio Wilson Estate, which was once a sugar plantation, is a famous historical site in St. Maarten. The Emilio Wilson Estate was also the residence of John Philips, the first governor of Sint Maarten. Emilio Wilson, a resident of St. Maarten, eventually purchased the estate and named it after him. This estate is also one of the most famous and beautiful historical sites in Sint Maarten.
The Emilio Wilson Estate is significant to the people of St. Maarten because it represents the ancestry of the plantation’s former slaves. Emilio Wilson, the estate’s previous owner, ensured that the remains depicting Sint Maarten’s lineage were meticulously conserved and that no buildings were built on the estate to disrupt its natural heritage.
The estate was turned into a historical, cultural, educational, and recreational park, in keeping with Emilio Wilson’s objective of preserving the property in its natural state. Antique colonial rock walls, historical antiquities, and caves that were used as hurricane shelters in St. Maarten can all be found on the Emilio Wilson Estate. The estate is located in the Dutch Cul de Sac valley, which was once home to several sugar plantations in the 18th and 19th centuries.
Location: : L.B. Scott Rd, Philipsburg, Sint Maarten
The Brick Building
The Brick Building, which is one of the island’s oldest structures was owned by Ms. Louisan Augusta Illidge, a rich woman. Mr. Parson Hodge, the first Methodist preacher to arrive on St Maarten in 1819, was given sanctuary by her, laying the groundwork for the Methodist church’s expansion on the island. Ms. Illidge now is famous as “the mother of Methodism.” Later, when the European Netherlands was invaded in May 1940, but the French had not yet, her house became a brief military stronghold. Until European France was invaded by German forces, the building was utilized as a barracks by the French army.
In the hurricane of 1819, the old building was flooded 4 feet. From 1822 to 1849, the Methodists gathered there for services. The Brick Building was opened as a day school in Philipsburg around the end of the eighteenth century by The Rev. Frederick Coward. Many people on the island got access to education here. Nowadays, the Brick Building is considered as a national treasure of St. Martin. Thus, if you have a chance to visit Saint Maarten, this building is worth visiting.
Location: Back Street, Philipsburg St Maarten.
Philipsburg Courthouse – the cupola-topped building on Front Street is considered one of the most important sites on the island, as well as one of its most emblematic. The shingled structure, which was first built in 1793, was the home of Captain John Philips, the town’s founder and namesake, a Scottish captain in the Dutch navy. Its construction was completed in 1793, just 30 years after Philipsburg is established. The previous mansion has served as a fire station, a post office, and even jail, in addition to many reconstructions.
A handcrafted wooden pineapple — a sign of hospitality — stands atop the tower, and inside the belfry are 25 bells. In front of the building is a quaint shaded courtyard where people can sit and relax to escape from the hustle and bustle. Except for a hiatus in the 1990s, Philipsburg Courthouse always warmly welcomes tourists and serves the people on the island in some ways.
Because the Philipsburg Courthouse is a working courthouse, it may not be open to the public at all times. The courthouse is located on Front Street in the heart of downtown Philipsburg. To get there, it takes 10 minutes to walk from the cruise ship dock.
Photo: Afar Magazine
Photo: Wikimedia Commons
Built in 1904, the ‘Pasanggrahan’ – which means guesthouse in Indonesian – has a long and rich history and is one of the most beautiful historical sites in Sint Maarten. It has formerly served as a rooster farm, a governor’s home, and a residence for the Dutch Royal family. It is the oldest hotel in Sint Maarten and is still decorated in a West Indian colonial design. The Pasanggrahan, along with Fort Amsterdam and the Courthouse, is one of St. Maarten’s most well-known landmarks and remaining bastions of European and Caribbean culture. The hotel was just named the official home of the St. Maarten Classic Yacht Club.
The rooms are decorated in a colonial style and have air conditioning, cable television, and private bathrooms. Some contain a seating space as well as a refrigerator. Within 1 mile, guests will find a variety of restaurants, pubs, and cafés. On-site amenities include a bar and restaurant, as well as a garden and patio where visitors can unwind.
This beautiful and ancient hotel is located on the promenade along the beach and boasts views of the Great Bay and mountains. From the hotel, it takes 1-minute to walk to the Sint Maarten Museum and 4-minute to the Philipsburg ferry station.
Location: 19 Front St, Philipsburg, Sint Maarten
Photo: Pasanggrahan Boutique Hotel
Photo: Hoteles en TV