1. Eid al-Fitr, 2. Eid al-Adha, 3. Nowruz, 4. Mawlid al-Nabi, 5. Laylat al-Qadr, 6. Ashura, 7. Jeshen, 8. Labor Day. Afghans are fascinated with their country's festivals. They celebrate with enthusiasm and devote themselves to religious events. They frequently visit friends and relatives, make lavish meals, and attend special prayers during the celebrations. In this post, we will find out about the famous festivals in Afghanistan.
Eid al-Fitr, also known as the Festival of Fast-breaking, is a crucial religious holiday celebrated by Muslims in Afghanistan that commemorates the conclusion of Ramadan, the Islamic holy month of fasting. On the first day of Eid al-Fitr, they gather for communal prayer at daybreak, after cleaning themselves and putting on new clothes. They continued to celebrate for three more days after that.
Visits to family and friends, giving gifts, enjoying feasts, donning new clothes, and visiting relatives’ graves are all part of the Eid al-Fitr celebrations in Afghanistan. They demonstrate their gratitude to Allah through these festivals, after reflecting and fasting throughout Ramadan.
This festival also serves as a reminder to citizens in this country to be truly thankful for what they have and to assist those less fortunate. This is called zakat, and it is one of Islam’s five pillars. Zakat is a religious obligation for all Muslims in this country who have the financial resources to contribute to those who are less fortunate. During Ramadan, zakat rises dramatically and remains a prominent component of Eid al-Fitr.
Date: the first day of Shawwal.
Source: Office Holidays
The “Feast of Sacrifice,” also known as Eid al-Adha, is the most significant feast in the Muslim calendar of Afghans. This event is held throughout the Muslims in this country to commemorate the Prophet Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice all for God. The pilgrimage to Mecca comes to an end with Eid al-Adha. The three-day Eid al-Adha festival commemorates Ibrahim’s (Abraham’s) willingness to obey God by sacrificing his son.
They re-enact Ibrahim’s obedience by sacrificing a cow or ram during the Eid al-Adha feast. A third of the meal will be consumed by the family, a third will be shared with friends and family, and the remaining third will be donated to the poor and needy. Another important Eid al-Adha tradition in Afghanistan is the distribution of charity in the form of money, food, or clothes to the homeless or poor.
Date: The tenth day of the twelfth month of the Islamic (Hijra) calendar.
Source: TRT World
Source: AI Jazeera
It is a traditional spring celebration of Afghans that begins on the spring equinox and symbolizes the start of the season in the Northern Hemisphere. Nowruz derives its name from the ancient Avestan language, which means “new day,” and the festival represents nature’s rebirth, new life, and new beginnings.
At home, Nowruz festivals involve making Haft Mewa, a fruit salad made up of seven types of dried fruit. This is prepared instead of or in addition to the Haft Sin, which is a collection of seven objects whose names begin with the Persian letter “sin” and represent what citizens wish for the coming year.
Date: 21 March.
The Prophet’s birthday is also known as Mawlid or Mawlid al-Nabi, and it honors Prophet Muhammad’s birth anniversary. The celebration of this day is fraught with controversy in Afghanistan because it commemorates both the Prophet’s birthday and the anniversary of his death.
While some Muslims in this country mark the day with street parades, processions, donations, charity, and communal gatherings, others consider birthday celebrations to violate Islamic law. They instead recite verses from the Holy Quran and, in certain circumstances, fast on this day. Both sides, however, use Hadith narrations to push their beliefs.
Date: The 12th day of the month Rabi al-Awal in the Islamic calendar.
Source: Sada EL balad
The Muslim community considers Laylat al-Qadr, also known as the “Night of Power,” to be one of the holiest nights of the year. According to Islamic tradition in Afghanistan, Laylat al-Qadr marks the day when the Holy Quran’s verses were first revealed to the Prophet Muhammad.
The Muslim community in this country commemorates the day by reciting the Quran’s sacred verses throughout the night. They assume that during this night, the Almighty’s blessings will flourish and prosper. As a result, for all Muslims there, the day is recognized as the holiest night. This makes it one of the most famous festivals in Afghanistan.
Several religious scholars and preachers hold gatherings to discuss the Holy Quran, its holy verses, and the Prophet Muhammad’s lifetime. These discourses are held in order to encourage Muslims to pursue the path of true faith and righteousness.
Date: the month of Islamic Date of Ramadan 27
Source: AI Bawaba
Source: IBTimes India
Ashura is one of the most famous festivals in Afghanistan. It commemorates the martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali, the Prophet Muhammad’s grandson, who perished in the Battle of Karbala. Ashura is regarded as a significant feast in Shia Islam, whereas it is observed as a recommended fasting day in Sunni Islam. According to Sunni Muslims, Moses fasted on this day to express his thanks to God for the deliverance of the Israelites from Egypt. According to Sunni tradition, the Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) fasted on this day and encouraged others to fast as well.
For both Shi’a and Sunni Muslims, the commemoration of Ashura is a respectful and sorrowful event, and for Shi’as, it is a particularly profound period of grief and mourning. Mourners of both sexes customarily gather at a mosque for mournful, poetic lamentations in commemoration of the martyrdom, grieving to the beat of drums and shouts of “Ya Hussain.” Scholars will also provide sermons on Hussein’s personality and his position in Islam, as well as the history of his rebellion.
Date: The tenth day of the month of Muharram in the Islamic calendar.
Jeshen is a festival that is celebrated with great enthusiasm in Afghanistan. It’s a national holiday, so office buildings, schools, banks, and many businesses will be closed. There will be a military parade as well as a presidential address to the country.
Many people dress up in native costumes, and traditional dances are performed at festivals all around the nation. Afghans celebrate by eating traditional meals, drinking, and listening to music that expresses their culture.
Many Afghan residents visit art galleries or attend poetry readings on Independence Day to honor their country’s culture. Many citizens were prohibited from participating in cultural events during the Civil War era. Many people are increasingly turning to cultural events as a form of expression in order to draw greater attention to them.
Date: 19 Agust.
Source: Global Times
Labor Day, which is also called International Worker’s Day, is a national holiday in Afghanistan. It has origins in the International Labour Movement of the late 1800s. This movement pushed for the 8-hour workday, the 40-hour workweek, the abolition of child labor, better working conditions, and more equitable pay.
Although this holiday is sometimes connected with socialist parties, the majority of Afghans simply regard it as a day to honor all workers. On Labour Day, the majority of people are given the day off. They normally stay at home, eat joyful family meals, and get out of doors.
Date: 1 May.
Source: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung Afghanistan
Source: Philipine Primer